This week 100 years ago - Old Salopians in WW1

This project sets out to commemorate all former boys and masters of Shrewsbury School who gave their lives in the Great War of 1914-18. Each week the names of those from the School who died 100 years ago are published. Where possible, archival and other relevant material is included. It is hoped to build up a rolling archive over the four years of the War.

We are delighted to be linking with St Chad's Church in Shrewsbury on this project. A weekly service of remembrance is taking place every Wednesday at 5pm in St Chad’s to commemorate those from Shropshire who died this week 100 years ago. All are welcome to any of the services.

As we build up this project during the years 2014-18, do please contact Philip Lapage [phl@shrewsbury.org.uk] if you have any additional material you would like to present, or if we have inadvertently made any errors. We are grateful to Research Assistants Martha Pownall (MSH) and George Young (O) for their help in compiling the weekly instalments.

Please also see the Old Salopians in World War 1 page in the Old Salopian section of this website, which includes a full list of all OS who died during the War.

'The School will not forget'
A poem written by the then Headmaster of Shrewsbury School, Revd C.A. Alington, was published in The Times in December 1914. It is included in these pages, as it movingly articulates not only the thoughts of those left behind in 1914 to carry on the day-to-day business of the School, but also those of Salopians living and working here at Shrewsbury School 100 years later: To the School at War - a poem by Revd C.A. Alington, 1914

For more details about this project please see: This week 100 years ago - background

The most recent weekly instalment of news from 100 years ago is displayed below.

To view our cumulative news archive, please use the menu on the left-hand side of the screen.

The news 100 years ago

2017

Friday 21 July 2017

  • The news this week 100 years ago: 21st - 27th July 1917
    This week we remember:

    Second Lieutenant James Harold Hartley, 45th Sqdn. Royal Flying Corps.
    Moser’s, left in 1915 for Sandhurst, passing out with a Commission to the Munster Fusiliers. After some time with them at the Front, he joined the Royal Flying Corps as observer.

    He was out with a squadron of seven British planes and encountered 28 Germans, and a chance shot struck him and killed him instantly, in France 22nd July 1917, aged 20.

    Buried at Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension, Nord, France. Grave III. D. 281.

Saturday 15 July 2017

  • The news this week 100 years ago: 15th - 21st July 1917
    This week we remember one Old Salopian, who died of his wounds in Belgium 100 years ago, aged 20.

    Second Lieutenant Thomas Clark Powell, 12th Heavy Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery.
    Ingram’s, Praeposter, Cadet Officer in OTC, left at Easter 1916 as an Open Maths Scholar at New College, Oxford. Going instead to the Artillery Cadet Unit, he passed out with distinction and was Commissioned soon after, going straight to the Front.  Wounded early in 1917 and again on the night of 14th July, he died shortly after reaching a Casualty Clearing Station in Belgium, 15th July 1917, aged 20.
    Buried at Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium. Grave XIII. B. 13.



  • The news this week 100 years ago: 7th - 14th July 1917
    We remember two Old Salopians who were both killed 100 years ago this week while flying.

    Second Lieutenant Hugh Holtom Whytehead, 29th Sqdn. Royal Flying Corps.
    Rigg’s, left in 1912 for Birmingham University. Enlisting as a private in 5th North Staffs., he obtained a commission in the 9th North Staffs., before joining the RFC.
    Killed while flying in France, 12th July 1917, aged 21.
    Remembered on Arras Flying Services Memorial, France.

    Flight Sub-Lieutenant Edward Hext Kendall, Royal Naval Air Service.
    School House, quarter-mile swimming champion, he left in 1911. Injured while with the Duke of Cornwall’s LI Regt., he was invalided home. On return he joined the Royal Naval Air Service and after eight days, flying at 13,000 ft, he was attacked by an enemy machine, had his petrol tank fired and was killed, in Belgium, 12th July 1917, aged 22.
    Buried at Larch Wood (Railway Cutting) Cemetery, Belgium. Grave I. B. 10.

Wednesday 5 July 2017

  • The news this week 100 years ago: 30th June - 6th July 1917
    This week we remember three Old Salopians, killed fighting in France and Belgium.

    Second Lieutenant Arthur Leslie Fraser, 27th Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery.
    Churchill’s, left in 1906 for Clare College, Cambridge. He was initially rejected by Sandhurst because of defective eyesight. He then travelled widely, spending much time in Canada. Soon after the outbreak of war he was gazetted, going out to France in 1916. He took part in many heavy actions.
    Died of wounds in France, 1st July 1917 aged 29.
    Buried at Lapugnoy Military Cemetery, France. Grave IV. E. 15.

    Lieutenant Eric Arnold Cleaver, Royal Flying Corps.
    Rigg’s, left in 1896. For some time he was on the staff of the National Bank, Johannesburg, before becoming a Balloon Officer.
    Killed in action in France, 3rd July 1917, aged 37. See also Claude Rex Cleaver, killed 19th July 1915.
    Buried at Villers-Faucon Communal Cemetery, France. Grave A. 22.

    Lieutenant Dennis Meirville Crew, 7th Bn. Cheshire Regiment.
    Churchill’s, left in 1912.
    Killed in action in Belgium, 5th July 1917, aged 22.
    Buried at Divisional Collecting Post Cemetery and Extension, Belgium. Grave Westroosebeke Com. Cem. Mem. 2. (I. E. 15B.).

Thursday 15 June 2017

  • The news this week 100 years ago: 16th - 22nd June 1917
    This week we remember one former pupil and one former member of staff, who were both killed in Belgium 100 years ago.

    Lieutenant Colonel George Eric Burroughs Dobbs, Signal Corps (A.D. Sigs.) Royal Engineers.
    Haydon’s, (now Rigg’s), left in 1901.

    He was a Devon Albion and England forward of 1906 against Wales and Ireland, and he also used to play for Llanelli. Going straight from school to Woolwich, he was gazetted to the Royal Engineers in 1904.

    He was awarded the Cross of Chevalier of the Legion of Honour for valuable work during the retreat from Mons and became a Captain soon after.

    Three times mentioned in despatches, he received temporary rank of Lieutenant Colonel in November 1916.

    He was struck by a shell while prospecting a new cable trench and died of wounds in Belgium, 17th June 1917, aged 32.

    Buried at Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium. Grave XIII. A. 25.

    Second Lieutenant Arthur Frederick Botham, 106th Bde. "D" Bty. Royal Field Artillery.
    Member of Staff.

    Educated at Merchant Taylors School and Clare College Cambridge, where he was a Wrangler. He taught Mathematics at Shrewsbury and later at Tonbridge School. He was a popular and keen footballer.

    At the outbreak of war he joined up, receiving his commission in 1915.

    Died of wounds in Belgium, 18th June 1917.
    Buried at Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium. Grave XIII. A. 22.

Friday 2 June 2017

  • The news this week 100 years ago: 2nd - 8th June 1917
    This week we remember four Old Salopians, three of whom were part of the Royal Flying Corps.

    Lieutenant Edwin Rhodes Bottomley, 35th Sqdn. Royal Flying Corps and West Riding Div. Ammunition Col. Royal Field Artillery.
    Moser’s, left in 1913 and entered the firm of Lucien Marcan’s Successors, Bradford. Enlisting on the second day of the war in the 4th West Riding Brigade, he soon received his commission. He transferred to the Royal Flying Corps in 1916, gaining his Wings in January 1917 and was shortly afterwards sent out.

    Killed in action flying close to the enemy lines in France, 2nd June 1917, aged 23.
    Buried at Mons-En-Chaussée Communal Cemetery, France. Grave I. 3.

    Second Lieutenant Alan Roper Tudor, 9th Bn. Seaforth Highlanders.
    Riggs, left in 1908. Being in India at the outbreak of war, he joined the Calcutta Light Horse, but returned home in the spring of 1916 to enlist in the Seaforth Highlanders. On receiving his commission in October 1916, he went to the Front.

    Killed in action in France, 5th June 1917, aged 25
    Buried at St. Nicolas British Cemetery, France. Grave I. L. 9.

    Lieutenant Harold Hamer, 3rd Bn. The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment and Royal Flying Corps.
    Ingram’s, left in 1910. Gazetted shortly after enlisting, he later transferred to the Royal Flying Corps and saw active service in the Sudan, being involved in the battle that resulted in the break up of the forces of the Sultan of Darfur. In the summer of 1916 he was at Salonika, returning to England in September. He obtained his wings in 1917 and left for the Front in May.

    Killed while flying in France, 6th June 1917, aged 25.
    Buried at Roeselare Communal Cemetery, France. Grave IV. C. 2.

    Captain Donald Campbell Rutter MC, 43rd Sqdn. Royal Flying Corps.
    Moser’s, left in 1917 and was gazetted as 2nd Lieut., 3rd Bn., Royal Sussex Regt. While with the infantry he won his MC. Transferring to the Royal Flying Corps, he had a brilliant record.

    Killed in action in Belgium, 7th June 1917, aged 19.
    Buried at Tyne Cot Cemetery, Belgium. Grave LVIII. A. 15.

Friday 26 May 2017

  • The news this week 100 years ago: 26th May - 1st June 1917
    This week we remember two Old Salopians:

    Lieutenant Edward Leslie Orme, 3rd Bn. attd. 2nd Bn. Royal Welsh Fusiliers.
    Rigg’s, left in 1914. Younger brother of Francis Reginald Orme, who died 7th November 1914.
    Killed in action in France, 27th May 1917, aged 20.
    Remembered on Arras Memorial, France. Bay 6.

    Captain Charles Cecil Stanfield, 3rd Bn. The Buffs (East Kent Regiment).
    School House, left in 1901. He went to the Front with his Regiment when war broke out and took part in the Battle of the Aisne, being badly wounded on 20th October 1914. He then saw service in the Dardanelles, was present at the evacuation, and later saw service in Egypt. In April 1917 he was selected to train an Officers’ Cadet Battalion.
    Died of illness in the United Kingdom, 31st May 1917, aged 33.
    Buried at Aldershot Military Cemetery, England. Grave AG. 365.

Friday 5 May 2017

  • The news this week 100 years ago: 5th - 11th May 1917
    This week we remember two Old Salopians:

    Captain Arthur Fox MC, 1st Bn. King's Shropshire Light Infantry.
    School House, left in 1915 receiving his commission in March that year. His promotion to Captain followed in November 1916. He was awarded the Military Cross for conspicuous gallantry in April 1916 when (aged 19) he was acting Company Commander. The citation in The London Gazette on 30th May 1916 read: “When he found half his company too weak to carry out an assault, he went back, under heavy fire, and brought up his supporting half-company, equipped with bombs and shovels. After the assault, in which he captured a trench, he beat off two counter attacks, and consolidated his position in very difficult circumstances.”

    “He was … destined to be a clergyman (but for the war); at Shrewsbury his friends remember him as one of the straightest and simplest characters they have ever known. His religion was the most real thing in a singularly honest character.” The Salopian

    Killed in action in France, 8th May 1917, aged 20.
    Buried at Philosophe British Cemetery, Mazingarbe, France. Grave I. O. 5.

    Second Lieutenant Kenneth George Shackles, 4th Bn. East Yorkshire Regiment.
    School House, left in 1913. He enlisted in 10th Bn., East Yorkshire Regiment, and after more than a year’s training went out as a private. After six months’ service both in France and Egypt he was invalided home and received a commission in the same Regiment, February 1917.

    He is probably related to Ronald Guy Shackles, who died 19th September 1918.

    Died of wounds in France, 11th May 1917, aged 21.
    Buried at Bucquoy Road Cemetery, Ficheux, France. Grave I. F. 22.

Friday 28 April 2017

  • The news this week 100 years ago: 28th April - 4th May 1917
    This week we remember five Old Salopians:

    Second Lieutenant John Adams Smith MC, 28th Bn. attd. 20th (Tyneside Scottish) Bn. Northumberland Fusiliers.
    Ingram’s, left in 1912 for his father’s wool business. Enlisting, he declined a commission, saying to a friend, “I shall get a commission in due course, but I shall work for it”. He joined the Sherwood Foresters as a private, was promoted corporal then sergeant, and afterwards was posted as lieutenant in the Northumberland Fusiliers. Soon after being posted he received a bullet wound through the shoulder. On recovering he commanded a company of his battalion in the great fight that won Vimy Ridge, during which he received the wounds that proved fatal.
    Died of wounds in France, 28th April 1917, aged 21
    Buried at Etaples Military Cemetery, France. Grave XVII. E. 11. Sherwood Foresters (Notts and Derby Regiment)

    Flight Sub-Lieutenant Holbrook Lance Gaskell, Royal Naval Air Service attd. 47th Sqdn. Royal Flying Corps.
    Chance’s (now Severn Hill), left in 1915. Rather than take his place at Pembroke College, Cambridge, he joined the RNAS, getting his pilot’s certificate in June 1916. “In a Sopwith, having taken a lot of anti-aircraft fire during a flight, one wing folded up as they approached the aerodrome and the machine fell from about 5,000 ft. He was an extremely fine fighter pilot and a very great loss to the squadron. He was one of the fighting flight that regularly went up and took on three times their own number of enemy aircraft, and went on until the Germans left that part of the front,” – The Salopian.
    Killed in action in Greece, 2nd May 1917, aged 19.
    Buried at Sarigol Military Cemetery, Kriston, Greece. Grave D. 590.

    Captain James Carlton Addy MC, 10th Bn. East Yorkshire Regiment.
    Churchill’s, left in 1910 for Trinity College, Cambridge, granted a commission August 1914.
    Killed in action in France, 3rd May 1917, aged 26
    Remembered on Arras Memorial, France. Bay 4 and 5.

    Captain James Houghton Getty, 12th Bn. West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Own).
    Churchill’s, left in 1907 for Caius College, Cambridge. Originally commissioned in to the Lincolnshire Regt., at the outbreak of war, he became their Adjutant.
    Killed in action in France, 3rd May 1917, aged 28
    Remembered on Arras Memorial, France. Bay 4.

    Captain Richard Owen Nelson, Army Service Corps.
    Chance’s (now Severn Hill); left in 1904 and became a carpet manufacturer in Kendal.
    Drowned in the Mediterranean in Italy, 4th May 1917, aged 31.
    Remembered on Savona Memorial, Italy.

Friday 21 April 2017

  • The news this week 100 years ago: 21st - 27th April 1917
    This week we remember seven Old Salopians who were all killed in France 100 years ago this week:

    Second Lieutenant Cyril Seaton Gray, 2nd Bn. Wiltshire Regiment.
    School House, left in 1912. While in the OTC he gained fifth place in the 1912 shooting competition at Bisley, the Sir A Stokes Cup, which was open to whole Corps. Enlisting in the Shropshire Light Infantry, he was commissioned in to the Wiltshires.
    Died of wounds in France, 21st April 1917, aged 22
    Buried at Etaples Military Cemetery, France. Grave XVII. B. 7.

    Second Lieutenant William Robert Bridges, 3rd Bn. attd. 4th Bn. Bedfordshire Regiment.
    School House, left in 1913.
    Killed in action in France, 23rd April 1917, aged 22.
    Buried at Aubigny Communal Cemetery Extension, France. Grave VI. C. 6.

    Second Lieutenant Cecil Arthur Brown, 6th Bn. Sherwood Foresters (Notts and Derby Regiment).
    Haydon’s (now Rigg’s), Football XI, Cricket colours. He left in 1912 to do Engineering works, and then gained a commission in 1914.
    Killed in action in France, 23rd April 1917, aged 21.
    Buried at La Chaudiere Military Cemetery, Vimy, France. Grave IX. G. 3.

    He was the younger brother of W.L. Brown, who died 25th September 1915. “He had a wonderful capacity for making friends and keeping them, and to these his delightful personality, his simple unassuming modesty his fearlessness and his untiring energy will be an abiding memory.” The Salopian

    Lieutenant Charles David Calcott, 15th Bn. The King's (Liverpool Regiment).
    Day Boys, left in 1910. Enlisting in the Shropshire Yeomanry, he was commissioned into King’s (Liverpool). Wounded at Montaubon on 1st July 1916, he returned to France the following January and went through much severe fighting.
    Killed in action in France, 23rd April 1917, aged 23.
    Buried at Rookery British Cemetery, Heninel, France. Grave C. 23. 1623 Shropshire Yeomanry

    Second Lieutenant Noel Humphreys Roberts, 1st Bn. King's Own Scottish Borderers.
    Day Boys, left in 1910 for Exeter College, Oxford, playing hockey for the University. Enlisting in the 13th Londons, he was commissioned into the KOSB in January 1916.
    Killed in action in France, 23rd April 1917, aged 24.
    Remembered on Arras Memorial, France. Bay 6.

    Lieutenant Colonel Francis Savage Nesbitt Savage-Armstrong DSO,
    1st Bn. South Staffordshire Regiment Cdg. 11th Bn. Royal Warwickshire Regiment.
    School House, 1st VIII, left in 1899. Serving with 1st South Staffordshires in South Africa 1900 – 1903 (Queen’s medal, 3 clasps, King’s medal, 2 clasps), he then served at the Front. He was mentioned in despatches four times from 1914 (Lord French, Sir Douglas Haig). Severely wounded at Festubert in 1915, he recovered and returned to the Front to command.
    Killed in action in France, 23rd April 1917, aged 36.
    Buried at Point-Du-Jour Military Cemetery, Athies, France. Grave II. E. 12.

    Second Lieutenant Watkin Leoline Tom Rhys, 13th Bn. Rifle Brigade.
    School House, a valuable all round athlete, Football XI and Killing Gentleman of the Runs. He left in 1908 and enlisted in the RASC (Mechanical Transport).
    Died of wounds in France, 24th April 1917, aged 26.
    Buried at Duisans British Cemetery, Etrun, France. Grave III. D. 15.

Friday 14 April 2017

  • The news this week 100 years ago: 14th - 20th April 1917

    Captain Arthur Keedwell Harvey-James, 1st Bn. The Buffs (East Kent Regiment).
    Chance’s (now Severn Hill), left in 1888.
    Killed in action in France, 15th April 1917, aged 44.
    Buried at St. Patrick's Cemetery, Loos, France. Grave III. A. 6.

    Captain QM Cecil Edwards Maddox, 63rd Palamcottah Light Infantry.
    School House/Rigg’s, left in 1901. Died in active service in Persia, 16th April 1917, aged 31.
    Remembered on Tehran Memorial, Iran.

    Lieutenant Colonel Foster Newton Thorne, 1st Bn. Royal Sussex Regiment Cdg. 6th Bn. The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment.
    Chance’s (now Severn Hill), left in 1898. He served in the South African War (Queen’s and King’s medals) and was attached to the West African Frontier Force for two tours (1909 and 1910). After transfer to 2nd Bn. in India he fought on the frontier in 1914. In 1915 he was promoted Major and went to the Gront.
    Killed in action in Mesopotamia, 18th April 1917, aged 36.
    Remembered on Basra Memorial, Iraq. Panel 20 and 63.

Friday 7 April 2017

  • The news 100 years ago: 7th - 13th April 1917
    This week we remember:

    Second Lieutenant George Orme Smart, 60th Sqdn. Royal Flying Corps.
    School House, Football XI, left in 1903.
    Killed in action in France, 7th April 1917, aged 30.
    Remembered on Arras Flying Services Memorial, France.

    Lieutenant Robert Hugh Walker, 9th Bn. Seaforth Highlanders.
    Chance’s (now Severn Hill)/School House, left in 1891. After serving five years’ apprenticeship with Messrs Marshall of Gainsborough, he was appointed by the Neuchatel Asphalt Co. director of their mines at Traver, near Neuchatel, where he remained until 1912. He subsequently served the Company in Australia and at Athens. Soon after the outbreak of the War he came home and obtained a Commission in the Seaforth Highlanders. He was Mentioned in Despatches after the operations on The Somme, where he was slightly wounded.
    Killed in action in France, 9th April 1917, aged 42.
    Buried at Ste Catherine British Cemetery, France. Grave K. 20.

    Colonel Frederick Thomas Henstock, West India, West African Regiments.
    School House, Cricket XI and 2nd XI Football. Left in 1878. He entered Sandhurst in 1884 and passed out first, after gaining the Sword of Honour, and was gazetted in the 2nd West Indian. After taking part in the expedition against King Prempeh of Ashanti in 1896 he went to Staff College, passing out and in 1900 being appointed Staff Capt. in Sierra Leone. In 1901 he was presented with a testimonial by the Cape Coast Chamber of Commerce in recognition of his services in supressing a mutiny in the West African Regiment, Cape Coast Castle, after which he became commandant of the West African Regt. After his appointment as General Staff Officer (1st grade) in Cape Colony he retired in 1908. In 1914, however, he re-joined and served as General Staff Officer (1st grade)  in Plymouth, later  as A.A. and Q.M.G.; by 1916 he was appointed A.A.G. at Aldershot but was unable to take up the post due to illness which terminated in his death.
    Died of illness in the United Kingdom, 10th April 1917, aged 55.
    Not known where buried.

    Second Lieutenant Arthur Max Spencer, 1st Bn. Rifle Brigade.
    Prior’s (now Moser’s), Head of House, Scholar, left in 1916.
    Killed in action in France, 12th April 1917, aged 19.
    Probably related to Thomas Charlton Spencer, died 3rd October 1917.
    Buried at Highland Cemetery, Roclincourt, France. Grave I. B. 36.